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Nouvelles

 

date : 2016-11-30

titre : Poste de maîtrise/doctorat à Polytechnique

contenu :

Poste maîtrise/doctorat à Polytechnique

Canada is a key participant in the Paris Agreement, signed at the COP21 climate change conference in Paris in 2015. This participation marked a clear and uncompromising recognition that concrete efforts must be made to improve energy efficiency and reduce carbon emissions. In 2006, a National Academy of Sciences study showed that a 20% improvement in tire performance (reduced rolling resistance) can lead to a 2 to 4% improvement in a vehicle’s fuel efficiency.

Inelastic effects cause rolling resistance in tires. Because of this, a portion of the energy that should be used for movement is lost as heat. These energy losses have direct repercussions on a vehicle's fuel economy. Moreover, certain additives used to reduce tire wear may actually accentuate the hysteresis effects that cause rolling resistance. Next generation additives could serve a hybrid role: reduce wear while preventing rolling resistance and its corresponding energy losses. A new class of nanomaterials developed by a Canadian company may be able to tackle this challenge. Until recently, this type of nanomaterial was only synthesized at a very small scale, limiting its industrial interest. However, the Canadian company (first partner) has recently developed a large-scale production process, that would allow potential users such as tire manufacturers (second partner) to benefit from an appropriate and stable supply. In order to ensure compatibility between producers and users, we propose a collaborative research project whereby the first partner's nanomaterials will be extensively studied and surface modified in order to facilitate their incorporation into the second partner’s elastomeric rubber formulations. Upon completion, this project will bring about substantial benefits for Quebec and Canada, through the development of a new market for the first partner and increased activities in North America for the second partner (the branch specializing in advanced tire additives).

The successful outcome of this project can play a significant role in reducing energy consumption in Canadian transportation. Beyond these environmental benefits, Canada (specifically Quebec) could become a strategic supplier of these novel nanomaterial additives if production is scaled up, namely through the present cooperation.

This fully-funded, industrially-sponsored project will be conducted under the supervision of Prof. Jason R. Tavares at the Department of Chemical Engineering of Polytechnique Montreal. Priority will be given to applicants from Canada at the Ph.D. level, but a Master’s project can be accommodated. Please note that due to regulations at the partners’ facilities, candidates from “countries of particular concern” (as listed by the US Dept. of State, http://www.state.gov/j/drl/irf/c13281.htm) need not apply.

If you are interested, please present your CV, a detailed letter of motivation and a full academic transcript by e-mail at: jason.tavares@polymtl.ca.